樟脑:止痒膏中有安全争议的成分 | 百品求实

樟脑:止痒膏中有安全争议的成分

樟脑是止痒膏中常见的一种成分,能够舒缓蚊虫叮咬引起的瘙痒肿胀的刺激。然而这种成分的安全性一直受到质疑,美国食品药品监督管理局(FDA)也曾发文对含有樟脑成分的产品提出安全警告!

FDA WARNING:

FDA对一款含有水杨酸甲酯和樟脑的驱风油警告引文如下:


“Methyl salicylate and camphor also may be poisonous when applied to a large area of the skin, or when combined with heat to increase absorption of the active ingredients. Children are particularly susceptible to poisoning from these ingredients.”

(食入这两种成分是有毒的),水杨酸甲酯和樟脑在皮肤上大量使用也可能有毒性,这两种成分在温度升高后,会增加成分在皮肤上的吸收渗透。儿童对于这些成分更要当心!


Symptoms of poisoning from these ingredients could include: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, visual changes, dizziness and mental confusion. Some cases of accidental overdose of methyl salicylate and camphor have been fatal.

这两种成分中毒症状包括:腹痛,恶心,呕吐,腹泻,头痛,视力改变,头晕,精神混乱。意外过量服食水杨酸甲酯和樟脑有致命危险。


“百品求实”产品库中一款软膏,主要成分包含水杨酸甲酯和樟脑。


樟脑的作用和安全性


原文引用(来源:WebMD):


Likely Effectively for:Skin itching or irritation, when applied to affected areas. Camphor is FDA-approved for use on the skin to help itching or irritation in concentrations of 3% to 11%.

涂抹于患处对皮肤瘙痒和刺激可能有效。FDA允许樟脑以3%~11%浓度外用于皮肤上,有助于对抗瘙痒和刺激。


Side Effect:

副作用:


Camphor is LIKELY SAFE for most adults when applied to the skin in a cream or lotion in low concentrations. Camphor can cause some minor side effects such as skin redness and irritation. Don't use undiluted camphor products or products containing more than 11% camphor. These can be irritating and unsafe.

对于成人,外用于皮肤的乳液中低剂量的樟脑可能安全。樟脑有可能引起皮肤红肿和刺激等轻微副作用。不要使用未经稀释或者浓度在11%以上的含有樟脑成分的产品,可能有刺激性并且不安全。

Camphor-containing products are LIKELY UNSAFE when applied to broken or injured skin. Camphor is easily absorbed through broken skin and can reach toxic levels in the body.

在破损或者受伤的皮肤上涂抹含樟脑的产品可能不安全。樟脑易被损伤的皮肤吸收而对身体造成伤害。

Camphor is also LIKELY SAFE for most adults when inhaled as vapor in small amounts as a part of aromatherapy. Don't use more than 1 tablespoon camphor solution per quart of water.

对于大多数成人,樟脑作为芳香疗法中的一部分,以蒸汽的形式被吸入可能安全。在1夸脱(大约1.1升)水中樟脑溶液的使用量不要超过一汤匙。

Do not heat camphor-containing products (Vicks VapoRub, BenGay, Heet, many others) in the microwave. The product can explode and cause severe burns.

不要将含有樟脑的产品在微波炉中加热,会导致爆炸及严重烧伤。

Camphor is UNSAFE when taken by mouth by adults or children. Ingesting camphor can cause severe side effects, including death. The first symptoms of camphor toxicity occur quickly (within 5 to 90 minutes), and can include burning of the mouth and throat, nausea, and vomiting.

成人和儿童服食樟脑都是不安全的。服食樟脑的后果可能相当严重,甚至造成死亡。樟脑中毒的最初症状出现的非常迅速(在5~90分钟内),会引起口腔和喉咙的灼烧,以及恶心和呕吐。


Special Precautions & Warnings:

注意事项和警告:


Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Taking camphor by mouth is UNSAFE during pregnancy or breast-feeding. The safety of applying camphor to the skin during pregnancy or breast-feeding is unknown. Don't risk your health or your baby's. Avoid using camphor during pregnancy.

孕妇和乳母:经口食入樟脑是不安全的。在孕期和哺乳期,将樟脑用于皮肤的安全性尚无定论。提醒不要拿自己和宝宝的健康冒险。在怀孕期间不使用樟脑。

Children: Camphor is LIKELY UNSAFE in children when applied to the skin. Children tend to be more sensitive to the side effects. Camphor is definitely UNSAFE when taken by mouth. Seizures and death can occur if these products are eaten. Keep camphor-containing products away from children.

儿童:将樟脑外用在皮肤上可能不安全。儿童对于副作用更加敏感。食入樟脑绝对是不安全的。将含有樟脑成分的产品放在远离儿童的地方。





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